Rheingau Viticulture Map N°1
Rheingau: Viticultural Area
According to legend the Frank ruler, Charlemagne noticed how quickly snow melted in the region around the Johannisberg and allowed to cultivate grapes (9th century) there. It is interesting to note that the local winegrowers realized this fact too. From Lorchhausen on the Rhine to Flörsheim am Main, the cultivation area extends for about 30 km on the right bank of the Rhine past the foothills of the Taunus, which forces the Rhine to change its direction. This viticultural region is located in the state of Hesse. To the south is the winegrowing region Rheinhessen in the Rhineland-Palatinate. Eastern is the Hessian Bergstraße. Mild climate and mainly south oriented vineyards provide good quality wine. Only few wine locations are members of the VDP, that is remarkable. Riesling is mainly cultivated, which makes about 80% of the cultivated area. When in the 18th century shrinking grapes were pressed with a special rot, the winemakers got a must, which is known today for very high quality predicate wines (noble rot). This noble mold Botrytis Cinerea is formed by morning mist in the warm autumn days on the grapes, if they have enough Oechsle of at least 80 degrees. Thus, in the region of Rheingau, the foundation for high-quality wines with origins, the "Erstes Gewächs" was set. Wines from the Rheingau have a worldwide reputation, such as Schloss Johannisberg and Kloster Eberstein.
If you want to explore this region, you can hike the Rheingau Riesling Route with its 120 km length from Flörsheim to Lorch. You will enjoy the well-known vineyards, castles, ruins, monasteries and historic estates. While the island of Mariannenaue is in the state of Hesse, the Herrenhaus lies on the island Königsklinger Aue in the Rhineland-Palatinate. The state border runs through the Rhine. Both islands are nature reserves. The island of Mariannenaue is used agriculturally by Schloss Reinhartshausen for viticulture. The Herrenhaus on the island Königsklinger Aue is a desired photo motive by the tourists. "Frankfurter Ebbelwoi" (cider) is also very popular. In the district Seckbach on the"Lohrberger Hang" you will find a small vineyard location.
|extent||soil condition||most common grape varieties|
|3.100 ha||heavy tertiary marl soils, calcareous and slate soils||Riesling and Pinot Noir|
|maximum hectare yield is fixed at 100 hl / ha.||extent: 8/13|
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