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Trier City

Trier of fact

The oldest city of Germany was founded in the year 17 B.C. under the Emperor Augustus.

City foundation: Emperor Constantine's father, Augustus Constantius, has already selected the city of Augusta Treverorum because Trier was strategically well positioned. The Moselle as a navigable river, the flood-free basin, a fertile surrounding area were excellent conditions for goods and troops to ship. The first spa complex was built on the Viehmarkt (former cattle market), the road network was expanded, the Roman bridge and a city wall with 4 gates were constructed.

250 A.D., a diocese was founded for a small early Christian community. From then until now, it remains the Germany's oldest diocese.

275 A.D., Trier was almost destroyed by invading Alemanni and Franks.

303 to 316 A.D., Constantine the Great resided in Trier. The Amphitheater, the Imperial Baths and Barbara Baths were built. An aqueduct from the Ruwer Valley provided them with water. Wine came from the Ruwer Valley, as it was already cultivated here by the Celts.

312 A.D., Constantine the Great, in the name of Christ, won his rival Maxentius and made Rome to a Christian Empire. The Märthyrerkapelle (or the Martyr´s Chapel) in Neumagen - Dhron reminds today of that bloodbath, which has been committed on the persecuted Christians. Trier rose up from a Gallic Administration to the seat of government of the Western Roman Empire. First, Constantine wanted to found a new Rome at the Moselle river, but moved on to Byzantium (probably the area where his mother was born).  Later he renamed Byzantium into Constantinople (now Istanbul). Trier was left to Gratian from 375 to 383, who could no longer fend off the "barbarians" (translated "the stutterers").

The 4th c., Trier became the largest city north of the Alps. In the course of migration (from 375 to 568 A.D.), the Germans and the Huns advanced and the Romans left. From once about 100 thousand inhabitants remained only about 5 thousand left.

451 A.D., Attila the Hun conquered the Augusta Treverorum.

The end of the 5th c., Trier came under the rule of the Franks.

882 and 892 A.D., the Normans invaded the city. They probably carried horses on their Viking ships. Very fast they followed the old Roman roads from the Rhine to the Moselle and left heavy devastation. The Trier Cathedral had it especially hard.

925 A.D., Trier was given to the bishops to governance.

1096, the first Crusade led by Walter Habenichts started in Trier. Unlike the other cities, where a lot of Jewish people were murdered,  the Jewish community of Trier was spared via payment of money and the required contribution to Walter Habenichts.

1586 to 1596, about 20% of the population were executed in witch trials on the territory of the Abbey of St. Maximin.

1673 to 1675, the French Sun King Louis XIV was fighting wars in the surrounding of Trier. All monasteries, castles and pens were destroyed. About 6000 French, Swiss and English solders occupied the city with almost the same number of population.

1798, the French annexed the area on the left bank of the Rhine. Trier became the capital of the department of the Sarre.

1814,  Napoleon had to withdraw after a lost war.  The Prussian troops took over the city.

1818, Karl Marx was born on the 5th of May.

The 20th c., Germany lost the two World Wars. Trier was again under the French occupation. First, from 1919 to 1930 and then from 1945 to 1999,  until the occupiers withdrew as esteemed friends. Trier was alternately under German and French government.

The 21st c.: We make the future. Europe is growing together. The city network "Quattropole" was founded to unite forces across borders with Metz, Saarbrücken and Luxembourg.

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